The Warsaw Uprising August 1, 1944. Soulèvman Warsaw la 1ye out 1944.
autor: Maja Tamara, music: Frederic Chopin
’The Warsaw Uprising (German: Warschauer Aufstand) was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground resistance, led by the Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa), to liberate Warsaw from German occupation. The uprising was timed to coincide with the retreat of the German forces from Poland ahead of the Soviet advance. While approaching the eastern suburbs of the city, the Red Army temporarily halted combat operations, enabling the Germans to regroup and defeat the Polish resistance and to raze the city in reprisal. The Uprising was fought for 63 days with little outside support. It was the single largest military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.
’Soulèvman Warsaw (Alman: Warschauer Aufstand) se te yon gwo operasyon Dezyèm Gè Mondyal la, nan ete 1944, pa rezistans nan anba tè Polonè, ki te dirije pa Lame Kay la (Polonè: Armia Krajowa), libere Varsovyen soti nan okipasyon Alman. Soulèvman an te kwonometre kowenside ak retrè nan fòs yo Alman soti nan Polòy devan yo nan davans Inyon Sovyetik la. Pandan y ap apwoche katye rich yo lès nan lavil la, Lame Wouj la pou yon ti bout tan kanpe totalman operasyon konba, pèmèt Almay yo nan regwoupe ak defèt rezistans Polonè a ak demantle nan lavil la nan reprezay. Revolisyon an te goumen pou 63 jou ak ti sipò deyò. Li te yon sèl pi gwo efò militè a te pran pa nenpòt ki mouvman rezistans Ewopeyen an pandan Dezyèm Gè Mondyal la.
The Uprising began on 1 August 1944 as part of a nationwide Operation Tempest, launched at the time of the Soviet Lublin–Brest Offensive. The main Polish objectives were to drive the Germans out of Warsaw while helping the Allies defeat Germany. An additional, political goal of the Polish Underground State was to liberate Poland’s capital and assert Polish sovereignty before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control. Other immediate causes included a threat of mass German round-ups of able-bodied Poles for „evacuation”; calls by Radio Moscow’s Polish Service for uprising; and an emotional Polish desire for justice and revenge against the enemy after five years of German occupation.
Initially, the Poles established control over most of central Warsaw, but the Soviets ignored Polish attempts to make radio contact with them and did not advance beyond the city limits. Intense street fighting between the Germans and Poles continued. By 14 September, the eastern bank of the Vistula River opposite the Polish resistance positions was taken over by the Polish troops fighting under the Soviet command; 1,200 men made it across the river, but they were not reinforced by the Red Army. This, and the lack of air support from the Soviet air base five-minutes flying time away, led to allegations that Joseph Stalin tactically halted his forces to let the operation fail and allow the Polish resistance to be crushed. Arthur Koestler called the Soviet attitude „one of the major infamies of this war which will rank for the future historian on the same ethical level with Lidice.
Winston Churchill pleaded with Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt to help Britain’s Polish allies, to no avail.Then, without Soviet air clearance, Churchill sent over 200 low-level supply drops by the Royal Air Force, the South African Air Force, and the Polish Air Force under British High Command, in an operation known as the Warsaw Airlift. Later, after gaining Soviet air clearance, the U.S. Army Air Force sent one high-level mass airdrop as part of Operation Frantic.
Although the exact number of casualties is unknown, it is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions. Jews being harboured by Poles were exposed by German house-to-house clearances and mass evictions of entire neighbourhoods. German casualties totalled over 2,000 soldiers killed and missing. During the urban combat, approximately 25% of Warsaw’s buildings were destroyed. Following the surrender of Polish forces, German troops systematically levelled another 35% of the city block by block. Together with earlier damage suffered in the 1939 invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, over 85% of the city was destroyed by January 1945 when the course of the events in the Eastern Front forced the Germans to abandon the city.’ – Wikipedia
On August 1, 2019, Warsaw residents gave away their homage to their heroes. During the „W” hour, the city stopped to commemorate the 74th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising. As every year, many residents decided to appear in the center of the capital – at the Dmowski roundabout.
Sou 1 out, 2019, rezidan Warsaw bay lwen omaj yo nan ewo yo. Pandan lè a „W”, lavil la sispann komemore anivèsè a 74th nan Soulèvman Warsaw. Kòm chak ane, anpil rezidan deside parèt nan sant la nan kapital la – nan endirèkt sa a Dmowski.
Warszawiacy w dniu 1 sierpnia 2019 oddali, po raz kolejny, hołd swoim bohaterom. W godzinę „W” miasto zatrzymało się, by w skupieniu upamiętnić 74. rocznicę wybuchu Powstania Warszawskiego. Jak co roku, wielu mieszkańców postanowiło pojawić się w centrum stolicy – na rondzie Dmowskiego.
source; Nasze miasto / 1.09.2019/